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Jaws The Revenge

Jaws: The Revenge (also known as Jaws 4: The Revenge or simply Jaws 4) is a 1987 American thriller film directed by Joseph Sargent.

The film was distributed by Universal Pictures and was released on July 17, 1987.

It is the fourth and final installment in the Jaws franchise (after Jaws, Jaws 2 and Jaws 3-D).

PlotEdit

On Amity Island, Police Chief Martin Brody has recently died from a heart attack; his wife, Ellen, attributes it to the fear of sharks.

Ellen now lives with Brody's younger son, Sean and his fiancée, Tiffany. Sean now works as a police deputy and is dispatched to clear a log from a buoy a few days before Christmas. A great white shark appears and kills Sean, sinking his boat in the process.

Brody's older son, Mike, his wife Carla and their 5-year-old daughter, Thea come to Amity for the funeral and encourage Ellen to come from Massachusetts to the Bahamas with them.

At the islands, Ellen meets carefree airplane pilot Hoagie. Mike (along with partners Jake, William and Clarence) works as a marine biologist studying conch. A few days later, they encounter the same shark that killed Sean.

Jake is eager to do research on the shark because great white sharks hardly come to the Bahamas because the water there is warm, and sharks are misunderstood creatures, but Michael asks him not to mention the shark due to Ellen's attempts to convince him to find a job on land.

Ellen becomes so obsessive that she stars having nightmares and premonitions of being attacked by a shark. Then, she starts getting psychic feelings when the shark is near or attacks. She and the shark have a strange connection that is unexplained.

Jake decides to attach a device to the shark that can track it through its heartbeat. Using chum to attract it, Jake stabs the device's tracking pole into the shark's side. The next day, the shark chases Mike through a sunken ship and he narrowly escapes.

Thea goes on an inflatable banana boat with her friend Margaret & her mother while Carla presents her new art sculpture. The shark goes after Thea, but it attacks and kills Margaret's mother instead. Ellen boards Jake's boat to track down the shark, intending to kill it in order to save the rest of her family.

After hearing about what happened, Mike confesses about the shark, infuriating Carla. Mike & Jake are flown by Hoagie to search for Ellen, and they find the shark in pursuit of their boat.

During the search, Hoagie explains to Mike about Ellen's belief that the shark that killed Sean is after her family. When they find her, Hoagie lands the plane on the water, ordering Mike and Jake to swim to the boat as the shark drags the plane and Hoagie underwater.

Fortunately, Hoagie escapes from the shark. Jake and Mike hastily put together an explosive, powered by electrical impulses. They begin blasting the shark with the impulses, which begin to drive it mad; it repeatedly jumps out of the water, roaring in pain.

As Jake moves to the front of the boat, the shark lunges, pulls Jake under and mauls him alive. Jake manages to get the explosive into the shark's mouth before he is taken underwater.

Mike continues to blast the shark with the impulses, causing it to leap out of the water again, igniting the bomb as Ellen steers the sailboat towards the shark while thinking back to Sean's demise, the shark's attack on Thea and when her husband defeated the first shark.

The broken bowsprit impales the shark in the exact spot where the bomb is, causing it to explode on impact. The shark's corpse then sinks to the bottom of the sea.

Mike then hears Jake (who is floating in the water) calling for help; he is seriously injured, but alive and conscious.

The four of them survive the deciding encounter and they safely make it back to land. Hoagie then flies Ellen back to Amity Island.

CastEdit

  • Lorraine Gary as Ellen Brody
  • Lance Guest as Michael Brody
  • Mario Van Peebles as Jake
  • Karen Young as Carla Brody
  • Judith Barsi as Thea Brody
  • Michael Caine as Hoagie Newcombe
  • Lynn Whitfield as Louisa
  • Mitchell Anderson as Sean Brody
    • Jay Mello (archive footage) as young Sean Brody
  • Roy Scheider (archive footage) as Chief Martin Brody
  • Cedric Scott as Clarence
  • Charles Bowleg as William
  • Melvin Van Peebles as Mr. Witherspoon
  • Mary Smith as Tiffany
  • Edna Billotto as Polly
  • Fritzi Jane Courtney as Mrs. Taft
  • Cyprian R. Dube as Mayor
  • Lee Fierro as Mrs. Kinter
  • William E. Marks as Deputy Lenny
  • Diane Hetfield as Mrs. Ferguson
  • Bruce as the Shark

ProductionEdit

Joseph Sargent produced and directed the film; he had worked with Lorraine Gary in 1973's "The Marcus-Nelson Murders" (for which he won his first Directors Guild of America Award).

Steven Spielberg cites this television film (that later spawned the TV series "Kojak") as motivation for casting Gary as Ellen Brody in the original "Jaws" film, besides the fact she was the wife of the studio's chief executive Sidney Sheinberg at that time.

In regards to the movie, Gary remarked in an interview: "I made a good deal on this film, but I didn't make as good a deal as I would have if I weren't married to Sid."

In an interview with the Boston Herald, Sargent called Revenge "a ticking bomb waiting to go off. ... Sid Sheinberg (president of MCA Inc., parent company of Universal Pictures) expects a miracle – and we're going to make it happen."

Sargent got a call from Sheinberg in late September of 1986, asking him to direct the fourth Jaws movie with no script yet written.

According to Sargent:

"I didn't have time to laugh because Sid explained he wanted to do a quality picture about human beings. When he told me, 'It's your baby, you produce and direct,' I accepted."

He also said that Sheinberg "cut through all the slow lanes and got Jaws: The Revenge off and running."

In a 2006 interview, Sargent stated that the premise was born "out of a little bit of desperation to find something fresh to do with the shark. We thought that maybe if we take a mystical point of view, and go for a little bit of...magic, we might be able to find something interesting enough to sit through."

FilmingEdit

The principal photography for "Jaws: The Revenge" took place on location in New England & in the Bahamas and was completed on the Universal lot.

Like the first two films of the series, Martha's Vineyard was the location of the fictional Amity Island for the film's opening scenes.

The production commenced on February 2, 1987 by which time "snowstorms had blanketed" the island for almost a month, "providing a frosty backdrop for the opening scenes."

Because the sequel had to be ready for release by July of the same year and the mechanical shark had to be filmed in warmer temperatures, Martha's Vineyard only makes a cameo appearance in the movie.

In addition to the 124 cast and crew members, 250 local extras were also hired; the majority of the extras were used as members of the local high school band, chorus and dramatic society that can be seen as the Brodys walk through the town & during Sean's attack.

A local gravestone maker produced 51 slabs for the mock graveyard used for Sean's funeral.

The cast and crew moved to Nassau in the Bahamas on February 9, 1987, beginning principal photography there the next day.

Like the production of the first two films, they encountered many problems with varying weather conditions. The location did not offer the "perfect world" that the 38-day shoot required. Cover shots were filmed on shore and in interior sets.

The film was shot in the Super 35 format.

Special EffectsEdit

The special effects team (headed by Henry Millar) had arrived at South Beach, Nassau on January 12, 1987, almost a month before principal photography commenced there.

In the official press release, Millar says that when he became involved "we didn't even have a script... but as the story developed and they started telling us all what they wanted... I knew this wasn't going to be like any other shark anyone had ever seen."

The shark was to be launched from atop an 88-foot (27 m) long platform, made from the trussed turret of a 30-foot (9.1 m) crane, and floated out into Clifton Bay. Seven sharks, or segments, were produced.

Two models were fully articulated, two were made for jumping, one for ramming, one was a half shark (the top half) and one was just a fin.

The two fully articulated models each had 22 sectioned ribs and movable jaws covered by a flexible water-based latex skin, measured 25 feet (7.6 m) in length and weighed 2500 pounds. Each tooth was half-a-foot long and as sharp as it looked. All the models were housed undercover in a secret location on the island.

The film company returned to Universal to finish shooting on April 2nd. Principal photography was completed in Los Angeles on May 26th. However, Millar's special effects team remained in Nassau, completing second unit photography on June 4th.

Underwater SequencesEdit

Cinematographer John McPherson also supervised the underwater unit, which was headed by Pete Romano.

Whereas underwater photography was normally filmed with an anamorphic lens, requiring overhead lighting, Romano filmed these "sequences with Zeiss, a 35 mm super-speed lens, which allows the natural ambiance to come through on film."

Additional underwater photography was completed in a water tank, measuring 50 feet (15 m) by 100 feet (30 m) across, and 17 feet (5.2 m) in depth, in Universal Studio's Stage 27. Also, a replica of Nassau's Clifton Bay and its skyline was created on the man-made Falls Lake on the studio backlot.[9]

A television documentary, "Behind the Scenes with Jaws: The Revenge", was broadcast in the United States on July 10, 1987.

Changes to the EndingEdit

In the ending that was in the original theatrical version, Ellen rammed the shark with Mike's boat, mortally wounding it. The shark then causes the boat to break apart with its death contortions, forcing the people on the boat to jump off to avoid going down with it.

American audiences disapproved of this ending, so a new ending was ordered shot for foreign distribution with the shark getting stabbed with the bow sprit & then exploding; and with Jake being found wounded, but alive. This version is what Universal used on home media releases.

According to Orange Coast, the magazine of Orange County, the re-shooting the ending prevented Michael Caine from collecting his Academy Award for "Hannah and Her Sisters" in person.

Other sources claim that the reshot ending began filming only five days after the movie was released and was intended for the version released in Europe; one version can be seen on cable broadcasts, while the other version is featured on the home releases.

The ending left many filmgoers confused.

In his scathing review of the film, Roger Ebert says that he cannot believe "that the director, Joseph Sargent, would film this final climactic scene so incompetently that there is not even an establishing shot, so we have to figure out what happened on the basis of empirical evidence."

CastingEdit

Lorraine Gary portrayed Ellen Brody in the first two films.

In a press release, Gary says "Jaws: The Revenge" is "also about relationships which... makes it much more like the first Jaws." This was Gary's first film since appearing in Spielberg's 1941 eight years earlier, as well as her final film role.

The press release proposes that the character "had much more depth and texture than either of the other films was able to explore. The promise of further developing this multi-dimensional woman under the extraordinary circumstances... intrigued Gary enough to lure her back to the screen after a lengthy hiatus."

Although the film was always going to be centered on Gary, Roy Scheider was offered a cameo. If he had accepted it, it was his Martin Brody character (instead of Sean Brody) who would have been killed by the shark at the film's beginning.

Gary is the only principal cast member from the original film who returned, although Lee Fierro made a brief cameo as Mrs. Kintner (the mother of a boy killed in Jaws), as did Fritzi Jane Courtney, who played Mrs. Taft, one of the Amity town council members in both "Jaws" and "Jaws 2".

Cyprian R. Dube, who played Amity Selectman Mr. Posner in both Jaws and Jaws 2, is upgraded to mayor following the death of Murray Hamilton, who played Larry Vaughan, the mayor in the first two Jaws films.

Gary states that one of the reasons she was attracted to the film was the idea of an on-screen romance with Oscar winner Michael Caine; Caine had previously starred in another Peter Benchley-adapted flop, The Island.

Caine had mixed feelings about both the production and the final version. He thinks that it was a first for him to be involved with someone his own age in a film. He compares the relationship between two middle-aged people to the romance between two teenagers.

Although disappointed not to be able to collect an Academy Award because of filming in the Bahamas, he was glad to be involved in the film.

In the press release, he explains that "it is part of movie history... the original was one of the great all-time thrillers. I thought it might be nice to be mixed up with that. I liked the script very much."

However, Caine later claimed: "I have never seen it [the film], but by all accounts it is terrible. However, I have seen the house that it built, and it is terrific!"

In Caine's 1992 autobiography "What's it All About?", he says that the film "will go down in my memory as the time when I won an Oscar, paid for a house and had a great holiday. Not ba for a flop movie."

Lance Guest played Ellen's eldest son Mike; Guest had dropped out of his sophomore year at UCLA to appear in another sequel to a horror classic "Halloween II."

Karen Young played his wife Carla; she commended the director's emphasis upon characterization.

Mario Van Peebles played Jake, Michael's colleague. His father, Melvin Van Peebles, has a cameo in the film as Nassau's mayor.

Mitchell Anderson appeared as Ellen's youngest son, Sean.

Lynn Whitfield played Louisa and stunt performer Diane Hetfield was the victim of the banana boat attack.

Box OfficeEdit

"Jaws: The Revenge" grossed $7,154,890 during its opening weekend, ranking at #3 at the box office with an average of $4,455.

Domestically, it grossed $20,763,013.

ReceptionEdit

"Jaws: The Revenge" was panned by critics.

To this day, the film receives a 0% score on Rotten Tomatoes based on 34 reviews with an average rating of 2/10. The critical consensus reads: "Illogical, tension-free and filled with cut-rate special effects, Jaws 4 - The Revenge is a sorry chapter in a once-proud franchise."

The film is one of the few films to have a 0% rating on Rotten Tomatoes.

Lorraine Gary did get nominated for a Saturn Award for Best Actress for her performance, but also a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actress.

The movie was rated by Entertainment Weekly as one of "The 25 Worst Sequels Ever Made" and it was voted number 22 by readers of Empire magazine in their list of "The 50 Worst Movies Ever."

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film zero stars, writing in his review that it "is not simply a bad movie, but also a stupid and incompetent one." He lists several elements that he finds unbelievable, including that Ellen is "haunted by flashbacks to events where she was not present."

Ebert joked that Caine could not attend the ceremony to accept his Academy Award for "Best Supporting Actor" earned for "Hannah and Her Sisters" because of his shooting commitments on this film, because he may not have wanted to return to the shoot if he had left it.

Many scenes are considered implausible such as the shark swimming from a Massachusetts island to the Bahamas (approx. 1,193 miles) in less than three days, somehow knowing that the Brody family went to the Bahamas or following Michael through an underwater labyrinth, as well as the implication of such a creature seeking revenge.

The Independent pointed out that "the film was riddled with inconsistencies [and] errors (sharks cannot float or roar like lions)".

The special effects were criticized, especially some frames of the shark being speared by the boat's prow and how the mechanisms propelling the shark can be plainly seen in some shots.

Within his otherwise lukewarm review, Derek Winnert ends with "the Bahamas backdrops are pretty and the shark looks as toothsome as ever."

Richard Scheib also praises the "beautiful above and below water photography" and the "realistic mechanical shark," although he considers "the melodrama back on dry land... a bore."

Critics commented upon the sepia-toned flashbacks to the first film; a scene with Michael and Thea imitating each other is interspersed with shots from a similar scene in Jaws of Sean (Jay Mello) and Martin Brody. Similarly, the shark's destruction contains footage of Martin Brody aiming at the compressed air tank, saying, "Smile, you son of a ...,"

The New York Times comments:

"Nothing kills a sequel faster than reverence... Joseph Sargent, the director, has turned this into a color-by-numbers version of Steven Spielberg's original Jaws."